271) Proof of Crime Patrol true stories ::: Dowry killings, dowry death murderers of India

CRIME FILe – In-laws destroy suicide note of newlywed, held

Bengaluru: In-laws of a 23-year-old newlywed woman, who committed suicide in her southwest Bengaluru residence on Wednesday alleging dowry harassment, found themselves in more trouble for destroying evidence. They had attempted to cover their tracks by destroying their daughter-in-law’s suicide note. But police found the shredded note in a dust bin following a search.

Police have detained Nagaraj, 58, and Prema, 55, the in-laws of Nirmala Vishwanath. Police are waiting for the return of their techie-son, N Vishwanath, who is away on a work trip to Japan.

Nirmala was found hanging in a room in her husband’s residence in RR Nagar. Police said they could only partially piece together the note, but it was enough to point a damning finger at her in-laws. In the note, written in Kannada, Nirmala said she was being tortured for dowry.

Nirmala, from Chitradurga, had married Vishwanath in early 2017. She would constantly complain of dowry harassment to her parents, family members said. Vishwanath frequents Japan on official work, police said. He had left last week on his latest trip. Police said Nirmala had called her parents on Monday saying the harassment was getting worse.

“Besides booking them for dowry harassment and abetting suicide, we’ll charge them with destruction of evidence,” an officer said.


A cab driver was admitted to the burns ward of Victoria Hospital after allegedly setting himself ablaze following a heated argument with his wife on Wednesday night. Police identified the driver as Mervin D’Souza, 29, a resident of HBR Layout, east Bengaluru. “The couple would fight regularly over trivial issues and on Wednesday night, Mervin doused himself with kerosene and set himself ablaze. Doctors say he has sustained more than 60 per cent burn injuries,” police said. TNN


Ravi Kiran, 23, a cab driver, was found hanging in his residence on Chunchaghatta Main Road, south Bengaluru, on Wednesday night. Vanajakshi, Kiran’s mother, said: “I had gone to the market and when I returned around 8pm, I found him hanging from the ceiling in the bedroom.” With the help of neighbours, he was shifted to a nearby hospital where doctors declared him brought dead. Police said no suicide note was found in Kiran’s house. TNN

HC stays charges in woman’s dowry death

Calcutta: The high court on Thursday stayed the framing of charges against the accused in a woman’s death in Howrah.

Mita Mondal was found hanging at her in-laws’ house in Uluberia on October 11.

Her parents had moved the court saying they had no faith in the CID investigation as the agency has said death by negligence on the part of her in-laws in the chargesheet.

They told the court their daughter had been killed and sought a CBI investigation into her death.

Justice Debangshu Basak directed police to submit the medico-legal report of the woman before the court by Friday.  The court sought the report because the investigators have claimed she had committed suicide and charged the accused with Section 304A (death by negligence ) of the IPC instead of Section 302 (committing murder).

The report will help the judge know if any injury marks were found on the woman’s body.

Mondal, the daughter of a mason, had done her MA in Bengali from Jadavpur University.

Her parents had accused her husband Rana Mondal, 28, father-in-law Bijendra, 52, mother-in-law Kalpana, 46, and brother-in-law Rahul, 22, of torturing her in their police complaint.

Unhappy with the way the police were investigating the matter, they had met chief minister Mamata Banerjee and she had asked the CID to take over the investigation into the woman’s death.

“The court will dispose of the case only after verifying the medico-legal report,” the judge said.

Woman burnt alive by husband, in-laws for dowry in UP

TNN | Jun 2, 2015, 12.05 PM IST

 A 30-year-old woman was burnt to death allegedly by her husband and in-laws over dowry demands at Khanpur vill.

MUZAFFARNAGAR: A 30-year-old woman was burnt to death allegedly by her husband and in-laws over dowry demands at Khanpur village here, police said on Tuesday.

According to the complaint lodged by victim’s father, Kajal was set ablaze by her husband and in-laws last evening for failing to fulfil their demands of dowry.

The woman was rushed to hospital where she was declared dead, police said.

Kajal’s husband Sonu, father-in-law Vijaypal and mother-in-law Munesh have been arrested, they said, adding, a case has been registered against six people in this connection.

Don’t Send Them Back to in-Laws: Mother of Woman Killed for Dowry

It’s been two months since Divya, a chartered accountant from Mannargudi in Tamil Nadu, was allegedly tortured and murdered by her in-laws on 17 July.

Caving Into Repeated Harrassment

The dowry harassment had begun weeks before her wedding in 2013 to Elan Cheran, a doctor. While Indira says that Elan’s family demanded Rs 25 lakh, they eventually paid up Rs 15 lakh in cash and 100 sovereigns of gold in the hope that it would secure their daughter’s future happiness.  But it was never enough.

The harassment began days after the wedding. “Her mother-in-law would scold her for everything. They did not even let her eat food properly. We even tried speaking to her mother-law but nothing changed,” says Indira.

Divya was a chartered accountant by profession.
Divya was a chartered accountant by profession.
(Photo: The News Minute)

Also Read: Debate I New Anti-Dowry Law Shoves Us Back to the Patriarchal Era

Over the course of four years, Divya returned to her family home multiple times, each time with a plea not to send her back.

“Divya used to keep coming back home and would tell us that she does not want to go back to her husband’s house. She was tortured there. How could we let her stay at home? She was young and I thought fights are common in every house. I would keep telling her respect your in-laws and do not argue with them,” recalls Indira.

Every time the chartered accountant came home with a fresh list of demands from her in-laws, her family would cave in. They coughed up Rs 7 lakh in cash, sent many gifts including a TV, beds and other household items.

Divya with her in-laws.
Divya with her in-laws.
(Photo: The News Minute)

Also Read: Low Conviction Rate in Dowry Cases, No Proof of Misuse

Now four years later, Indira admits that her biggest regret is sending her only daughter back to her harassers. She says,

The only mistake we did was to send her back to her in-laws’ house. I want to tell all parents that they should never send their daughters back if they tell them about any dowry harassment.

The last time Divya had come to her parents’ home was two days before she was allegedly killed. This time she had arrived with her husband Elan and son.

“One month before the murder, her husband’s family treated her very well. They pretended that everything was fine. They did not want us to have any doubts. If I had known that they will murder her, I would have never sent her back. She herself would not have gone back,” laments Indira.

On 17 July, Divya’s father-in-law and two other men allegedly hit her and suffocated her to death using a pillow. The father-in-law had allegedly confessed to the crime, telling the police that his wife and him had wanted their son to get married again so they could get more dowry.

Also Read: Ugly Girls Have to Pay More Dowry: Maharashtra Sociology Textbook

Divorce Never An Option

Although Divya’s family never imagined that her in-laws would murder their only daughter, they admit that divorce was never an option.

Premkumar says, “We never thought of divorce as an option as we thought everything will be alright in sometime. If we knew it will lead to my sister’s death, we would have definitely thought of it.”

The social stigma that comes with separation and divorce have forced many families including Divya’s to push for reconciliation, whatever the cost. With their marriage strained, Divya’s family hoped that taking the issue to the panchayat would help resolve their marital problems.

“Both the families were called, we sorted out the problems and sent my daughter back,” recounts Indira.

But the harassment persisted. Divya would very often return home only to be sent back days later. It became a routine, her family admits.

Her in-laws never used to allow her to stay at our house for more than three days. They will have some demand. I will take money or get whatever they want from my son and then we will send her back.

‘Justice Must Prevail’

Following Divya’s murder, the police arrested five people in the case, including her husband Elan Cheran, his parents, and two other men – Shivakumar and Senthil.

All five accused have been remanded to Trichy central prison, and a case has been filed under Section 498A (Husband or relative of husband of a woman subjecting her to cruelty) and Section 302 (Punishment for murder) of the Indian Penal Code.

“Around 10:30 pm that night, her mother-in-law called me and asked me to come to their house, saying that Divya is unwell. By the time I reached their home, they had taken her to a government hospital. When I reached the hospital, I realised she was murdered by her in-laws,” Premkumar recalls.

Also Read: Woman Alleges Nikah Halala Pressure From Bhopal’s Chief Mufti

With Divya’s face covered in marks, Premkumar filed a complaint with the Mannargudi town police station the next day.

Her story, however, is hardly the first in Tamil Nadu or in India.

In 2015, Tamil Nadu reported 65 dowry deaths while across the country 7,634 women had died following dowry harassment. According to National Crime Records Bureau dowry claims at least 21 lives every day. The conviction rate, however, remains abysmally low at 34.7%.

But Premkumar hopes and prays that justice will prevail and that Divya’s killers will be brought to book. “In most of the cases, the accused are out on bail. The court must punish them so that no one else does the same,” he says.

Hyderabad Woman Allegedly Burnt To Death By Husband For Failing To Get MBBS Seat The woman’s family alleged that she was burnt to death by her husband after she failed to get admission in MBBS course Telangana |

September 19, 2017
 Harika and Rushi got married two years ago and he had been harassing her since then. HYDERABAD: HIGHLIGHTS Techie claims his wife committed suicide by setting herself on fire Her parents say he killed her for failing to crack medical entrance exam He also harassed her for dowry, threatened with divorce, her parents said The Hyderabad police have said they suspect that a 25-year-old aspiring doctor has been killed by her software engineer husband for failing to get admission in an MBBS course. The man and his parents have been arrested. The woman, Harika Kumar’s parents have alleged a planned murder and have also filed a complaint of harassment for dowry. Rushi Kumar, the woman’s husband, called Harika’s mother on Sunday night and told her that she had set herself on fire, the police said. The incident took place in LB Nagar’s Rock Town Colony near Hyderabad. “Harika’s husband claims she committed suicide, but after we visited the scene, it appears to be a murder. We suspect that the man killed his wife,” ACP (LB Nagar division) Venugopala Rao said. Ads by ZINC Harika’s parents have told the police that she was trying to crack the medical entrance exam for some time, but had not qualified this year too. She was reportedly selected for a Bachelor of Dental Surgery course at a private college, but her 26-year-old husband was unconvinced and had threatened to divorce her, her family has alleged. “Harika and Rushi got married two years ago. He had been harassing her as she didn’t get an MBBS seat. She got (admission in) BDS this year. He also harassed her for dowry… It is a planned murder,” Harika’s mother and sister said. Mr Rao said the exact cause of her death – whether she was strangled before her body was set on fire – will be known after an autopsy. The report is awaited and investigations are on, he said.

Newly married woman burnt alive for dowry in UP’s Azamgarh district

Binay Singh| TNN | Dec 22, 2017

  1. Shweta’s father alleged that after marriage, her in-laws started demanding Rs two lakh as dowry.
  2. As they started torturing her, her last call was received on Thursday evening, wherein she narrated her ordeal.
  3. In her statement, she alleged that she was burnt by her in-laws for dowry.

A file photo of the couple

A file photo of the couple

VARANASI: In a shocking incident, a newly married woman was allegedly burnt alive by her in-laws for dowry at Julahapur village in Kandhrapur area of the Azamgarh district in UP on Friday. The police lodged a case of dowry death against her husband and in-laws, while the accused are absconding.

According to reports, Bhola Jaiswal, a resident of Ambedkar Nagar district, fixed the marriage of his daughter, Shweta Jaiswal, with Vikas Jaiswal, a resident of Julahapur village in the Azamgarh district. The marriage ceremony was held on December 3.

Shweta’s father alleged that after marriage, her in-laws started demanding Rs two lakh as dowry. “When I showed our inability to give the amount, they started torturing my daughter,” said Bhola, adding that he received her last call on Thursday evening narrating her ordeal. Sometime on Thursday night, she was allegedly set ablaze. The police reached there after getting information and rushed her to the district hospital for treatment. Some of her kin recorded her statement on mobile before she succumbed to burns. In her statement, she alleged that she was burnt by her in-laws for dowry.

Azamgarh SP (city) Subhash Chandra Gangwar said that on the complaint of woman’s father a case has been registered against three persons, including husband, father-in-law and mother-in-law. He said that the accused would be arrested soon.

Newlywed bride in UP burnt to death for dowry barely a week after her wedding

She was killed hours after she spoke to her father about the torture she was facing.

Dec 23, 2017
Representational image. The bride Shweta Jaiswal was married on 13th December, 2017.

Come winters and we all get excited about weddings. I mean get to social media and you will be flooded with wedding photos, per-wedding shoots and videos. Look at the Virat-Anushka wedding creating buzz. Weddings are supposed to be happy affairs-couples beginning new lives. Shweta must have imagined the same thing, except that she was burnt alive barely a week after her wedding.

According to a report in The Times of India, Shweta Jaiswal was married to Vishal Jaiswal, of Azamgarh in Uttar Pradesh on 13th of December, 2017. But Vishal’s family allegedly started to demand huge amounts of money as dowry. They wanted 2 lakh rupees and beat up Shweta when her father Bhola Jaiswal could not meet the demands. The groom’s family allegedly demanded 2 lakh rupees from the bride’s family.

Shweta was allegedly being beaten up regularly. The last time Shweta spoke to her father was on 21st December. Later that night, she was set ablaze.Shweta was rushed to the hospital, but she could not be kept alive. Before dying, he statement was recorded where she has named her in-laws as the people who set fire to her.

Azamgarh SP (city) Subhash Chandra Gangwar said that on the complaint of woman’s father a case has been registered against three persons, including husband, father-in-law and mother-in-law. He said that the accused would be arrested soon.

Woman dies of burns, husband and in-laws held

TNN | Updated: Aug 20, 2017

NEW DELHI: A 24-year-old woman died after suffering burn injuries in her husband’s house in Vikaspuri, west Delhi, on Friday. Based on her dying statement in hospital, police have arrested her husband and two other members of his family.

Vijay Kumar, DCP (West), said that police received a call on Friday night about a woman being set afire in Vikaspuri. At the house, the cops found Parvinder Kaur down with burn injuries. There was a strong smell of kerosene in the air. Kaur lay next to some charred items of clothing, a broken fan and three buckets.

Police took her to Safdarjung Hospital, where she later succumbed to her injuries, but not before describing to the cops what had happened to her.

Kumar said, “In her statement, the victim alleged that she was set on fire by her husband and in-laws over dowry demands. Consequent to her statement, we filed a case under Indian Penal code Section 388 (extortion by threat), 302 (murder) and 34 (act done by several person).” Kumar added that Kaur’s husband, Gurcharan Singh (27), brother-in-law Prabhjot Singh (25) and father-in-law Rawel Singh (62) had been arrested in connection with her death.

Kaur’s family members told the cops that she had married Gurcharan Singh, who has an auto spare parts business in Mayapuri, in 2012. “It was a love marriage,” disclosed Amandeep Singh, the deceased woman’s brother. “Everything was fine until their son was born four years ago. After that, her husband’s family started demanding money from her. We tried to meet their demands.” But whenever Kaur’s family failed to provide the sum demanded, the woman would face abuse and harassment at the hands of Gurcharan’s family.

The victim’s family stated that there was a fight over dowry demands 15 days ago and a complaint had been lodged at Vikaspuri police station. The angry in-laws had sent Kaur back to her family.

“She was living with us since, but had not brought her clothes or other belongings from her husband’s house,” said another relative of Kaur. “Gurcharan Singh was not on talking terms with her.”

Kaur’s relatives claimed that she had gone back to her husband’s house on Friday to retrieve her son’s clothes and also to meet Gurcharan. There, she was apparently attacked and set on fire, a family member alleged, adding that some other people were also attacked by Gurcharan’s relatives when they tried to rescue Kaur.

Techie, father held for dowry death

Gop: Police Sunday detained the husband and father-in-law of a 30-year-old woman who was allegedly killed over dowry at Mohanty Sahi of Sorabha here.

Chinmay Swain, an engineer by profession, and his father Fakir Swain were arrested after the former’s wife Anusaya died under mysterious circumstances.

The deceased’s father Fakir Charan Swain, a resident of Dahikhia village in Kakatpur police limits, alleged that his daughter was murdered by her in-laws for dowry.

According to sources, Swain’s daughter Anusaya married Chinmay in 2014. During the wedding, Rs 10 lakh cash, gold jewelleries and household items were given as dowry.

“Chinmay was working in Andhra Pradesh and living there with my daughter. He forced my daughter to terminate her pregnancies several times. As a result, she became weak. She recently told me over phone that her husband had an extra-marital affair with another girl,” the deceased’s father alleged.

“When she was living with her in-laws, her mother-in-law Labanya, father-in-law Fakir, brothers-in-law Bijay and Ajay used to torture her,” Fakir Charan alleged.

“I learnt from others that my daughter has died and rushed to her in-laws’ house. However, they abused me and drove me out of their house. Left with no option, I approached the police,” the bereaved father said.

A case of murder has been registered. Gop inspector-in-charge Sushil Kumar Mishra and other officials visited the house and inquired into the matter.

“We have detained the deceased’s husband and father-in-law. Other accused are absconding and efforts are on to nab them,” police said.


Dowry death: ‘They did not have to burn my sister alive for Rs 10 lakh’

In her dying declaration, Parvinder Kaur told a magistrate that her husband and in-laws set her on fire when she visited their home in Vikaspuri on Friday morning to collect her son’s clothes, almost a fortnight after she was thrown out of there.

DELHI Updated: Aug 19, 2017

Hindustan Times
In her dying declaration, Parvinder Kaur told a magistrate that her husband and in-laws set her on fire when she visited their home in Vikaspuri on Friday morning to collect her son’s clothes, almost a fortnight after she was thrown out of there.
In her dying declaration, Parvinder Kaur told a magistrate that her husband and in-laws set her on fire when she visited their home in Vikaspuri on Friday morning to collect her son’s clothes, almost a fortnight after she was thrown out of there.

On Saturday, Jasmeet Singh sounded helpless as he recounted the horror of harrasement his sister, Parvinder Kaur, went through until she was set on fire by her husband and in-laws burnt on Friday night.

“Their demands were never ending. Yet, we had been fulfilling all of them ever since she married to him in 2012. But this time we really did not have the money, when they asked for R 10 lakh a fortnight ago,” Singh alleged

Singh alleged that when his family expressed their helplessness in handing over the amount, Kaur and her four-year-old son were thrown out from the house in Vikaspuri’s H-block around a fortnight ago.

“To justify their act of throwing my sister and nephew out, they cooked up false stories against her. But their real motive was to teach us a lesson for refusing their dowry demands,” alleged Singh.

Investigators, however, said that Kaur’s husband and in-laws had denied all allegations of dowry harassment. “They claim that trust issues led to frequent quarrels between the couple that ended up in her killing,” said a police officer, adding that sections pertaining to dowry demand is likely to be added to the FIR after recording statements of the victim’s relatives.

The victim’s brother told Hindustan Times that the dowry demands had begun weeks after the couple’s marriage in 2012.

“Whenever my sister tried to resist, she would be physically and verbally abused. She would bear the pain as they had threatened to kill all her near and dear ones if she resisted,” he alleged.

When Kaur and her four-year-old son were allegedly kicked out of her husband’s home a fortnight ago, she carried with her only a few essential items.

Her family said Kaur had avoided returning to her husband’s home for two weeks. But she went there to collect her son’s clothes on Friday. She thought she would also use this opportunity to collect some of the other essential documents left behind, said a family member, adding that she didn’t know that her husband and in-laws had allegedly planned to kill her. “We found the smell of kerosene, a broken match box and two burnt match sticks, among other things, at the crime scene,” said Vijay Kumar, DCP (west).

The officer confirmed that it was not a case of suicide but murder, citing her dying declaration. In her statement before the magistrate, Kaur named her husband and in-laws.

“It is not that they really needed our money. They just took us as an easy source of money. They did not have to burn my sister alive for that,” said Jasmeet.

Dowry death: 10 years imprisonment for husband, in-laws

The Mahila Court awarded 10 years imprisonment to three persons, including the victim’s husband and his parents, in a case of dowry death in Nagercoil on Friday.

S. Christilda Jone of Kallanguzhi married A. Jones Anbarasu of Water Tank Road in 1994. The couple had a son. On February 4, 2000, Christilda Jone and her son were found dead in a fire accident at their residence in Nagercoil.

Suspecting foul play in the death of his daughter and grandson, Ms. Christilda’s father Santhappa lodged a complaint with the Vadaserri police against his son-in-law Mr. Jones Anbarasu and his parents – retired Professor Asir David and Kasturi – alleging they had demanded Rs. 2 lakh as dowry. Mr. Santhappa also said his daughter was subjected to continuous torture by her husband and in-laws. Subsequently, she and her son were found dead in a fire accident.

Hearing the case, Mahila Court Judge Kayalvizhi awarded 10 years imprisonment to the victim’s husband Jones Anbarasu and his parents Asir David and Kasturi. Besides, the judge slapped a fine of Rs. 35,000 under three sections

25-Year-Old Tortured And Murdered For Dowry Tried To Return Home To Parents 20 Times

They kept sending her back.

 01/08/2017 huffingtonpost.com

A 25-year-old chartered accountant who was allegedly tortured and murdered by her husband’s family returned to her parents’ home at least 20 times, only to be sent back, The News Minute reported. Several times, Dibya Cheran cried to her parents and brother, who thought things would ultimately get better for her.

“Ten days ago, she came back home, saying her in-laws had now demanded Rs 10 lakh,” her brother Premkumar told the media outlet. “We sent her back, saying we will try to arrange the money, but we didn’t know they would kill her for this.”

Cheran was married to Elan, a doctor, in 2013 after their match was arranged by their parents. A year later, they had a son. Though at the time they were to be married, the groom’s family had claimed they did not want any dowry, they allegedly started demanding cash and gold right before the wedding. Their demands grew over the years, according to the bride’s family, and each time, their demands were met after Cheran returned home sobbing. She allegedly complained that she was beaten by her in-laws.

Last month, she was allegedly murdered by her father-in-law and his two friends. Their latest demand had been allegedly for ₹10 lakh, which her family was trying to arrange.

Missing goat in dowry gets woman killed

TNN | Nov 13, 2017

KANPUR: A woman was allegedly murdered by her in-laws in Kannauj’s Khanpur Kasaba village for not bringing a goat as dowry.

The incident occurred on November 6 and began with the victim Rama Devi entering into a bitter argument with her husband Dilip Kumar. Later, Kumar and some of his family members thrashed Rama Devi before poisoning her to death.

They thereafter stuffed her body in a sack and threw it into Ishan river. The body was discovered on Saturday after which police were informed. Gursahaiganj resident and Rama Devi’s brother Harishchandra told police his sister was married to Dilip in 2016. He said Dilip and his family members often tortured Rama Devi for not bringing a goat as dowry.

The police have registered an FIR following Harishchandra’s complaint and arrested Rama Devi’s mother-in-law. Police are now searching for her husband, brother-in-law and father-in-law. Talgram police station house officer Suresh Kumar said a case under Section 304B (dowry death) of IPC has been registered against Dilip and his family members. Rama Devi’s body has been sent for post-mortem, he added.

Dowry killings deserve death penalty: Supreme Court

Expressing serious concern over dowry death cases where young women are being killed, the Supreme Court has said that such offences are to be treated as the ‘rarest of rare’ ones and extreme punishment of death should be awarded to offenders.

A Bench consisting of Justices Markandey Katju and T.S. Thakur said: “Although bride-burning or bride-hanging cases have become common in our country, in our opinion, the expression ‘rarest of rare’ does not mean that the act is uncommon, it means that the act is brutal and barbaric. Bride killing is certainly barbaric.”

Writing the judgment, Justice Katju said, “Crimes against women are not ordinary crimes committed in a fit of anger or for property; they are social crimes. They disrupt the entire social fabric. Hence, they call for harsh punishment. Unfortunately, what is happening in our society is that out of lust for money people are often demanding dowry and after extracting as much money as they can they kill the wife and marry again and then again they commit the murder of their wife for the same purpose. This is because of total commercialisation of our society, and lust for money which induces people to commit murder of the wife. The time has come when we have to stamp out this evil from our society, with an iron hand.”

The Bench said: “The hallmark of a healthy society is the respect it shows to women. Indian society has become a sick society. This is evident from the large number of cases coming up in this court (and also in almost all courts in the country) in which young women are being killed by their husbands or by their in-laws by pouring kerosene on them and setting them on fire or by hanging/strangulating them. What is the level of civilisation of a society in which a large number of women are treated in this horrendous and barbaric manner? What has our society become — this is illustrated by this case.”

High Court verdict

In the instant case, the deceased Geeta was married to Satya Narayan Tiwari in December 1997. On November 3, 2000 she died. The father of the deceased, Surya Kant Dixit, filed a complaint that his daughter was killed by the son-in-law and his mother, Bhuvaneswari Devi, as he could not meet the demand for a Maruti car as part of the dowry. The trial court acquitted Tiwari and his mother. On appeal, the Allahabad High Court convicted them under Sections 304B, 498-A of the Indian Penal Code and Section 4 of the Dowry Prohibition Act and awarded life sentence. The appeal by Tiwari and his mother is directed against this judgment.

Dismissing the appeal, the Supreme Court Bench said: “The manner in which the deceased was done to death, i.e., by first strangulating her and then setting her afire, needed at least two persons, because she [deceased] was also a young lady aged about 24 years. We have carefully perused the impugned judgment and order of the High Court and the judgment of the trial court and other evidence on record. We see no reason to disagree with the judgment and order of the High Court convicting the appellants. In fact, it was really a case under Section 302 IPC and death sentence should have been imposed in such a case, but since no charge under Section 302 IPC was levelled, we cannot do so, otherwise, such cases of bride burning, in our opinion, fall in the category of rarest of rare cases, and hence deserve death sentence.”

The Bench cancelled the bail bonds of the appellants and directed that they be taken into custody to serve the remaining period of sentence.

Ludhiana: 26-year-old college lecturer dead, husband, in-laws booked

The father of the women further alleged that on Sunday, Gaurav with the help of his parents fed a poisonous substance to Ritu. When her condition deteriorated, they took her to DMCH but she died undergoing treatment.

By: Express News Service | Ludhiana | Updated: October 3, 2017 3:12 am

The parents of the woman alleged that she had been constantly harassed for dowry.  (Representational photo)

A 26-year-old woman lecturer at Master Tara Singh Memorial College for Women at Ludhiana died while undergoing treatment at Dayanand Medical College and Hospital (DMCH) Monday.

Relatives of Ritu Adya alleged that she had been harassed for dowry since her marriage two months ago. She was poisoned by her husband and in laws, they alleged.  The police booked her husband Gaurav Adya, his parents- father Parveen Adya and mother Kamlesh Adya and brothers Daksh in connection with a dowry death probe. The family owns a hosiery unit in Ludhiana. They are residents of Bindraban Road area. Vipan Dhir, father of the deceased and a retired district attorney, her daughter and Gaurav married two months ago. He alleged that her daughter had been constantly harassed for dowry. He said that he had already given many ‘gifts’ and other dowry items at the time of the wedding but the family was never satisfied. He further alleged that on Sunday, Gaurav with the help of his parents fed a poisonous substance to Ritu. When her condition deteriorated, they took her to DMCH but she died undergoing treatment.

Inspector Vijay Kumar, SHO division number 4 police said the woman’s husband, parents and brother were booked under section 304-B (dowry death) of IPC. He said all the suspects are absconding and post mortem will be conducted Tuesday at Civil Hospital.

Delhi: 24-year-old woman set on fire by husband, in-laws, suspected dowry death

A 24-year-old woman died in Delhi on Saturday after she was allegedly set on fire by her husband and in-laws, police said.

DELHI Updated: Aug 20, 2017

Hindustan Times, New Delhi
Parvinder Kaur, 24, had told police while she was at the hospital that she was set on fire by her husband and in-laws.
Parvinder Kaur, 24, had told police while she was at the hospital that she was set on fire by her husband and in-laws. (HT Photo)

A suspected dowry death was reported in west Delhi on Saturday as a 24-year-old woman died from burns after she was allegedly doused with kerosene and set ablaze by her husband and his family the day before.

In her dying declaration, Parvinder Kaur told a magistrate that her husband and in-laws set her on fire when she visited their home in Vikaspuri on Friday morning to collect her son’s clothes, almost a fortnight after she was thrown out of there.

She was writhing with 90% burns when her family, who lives in the same neighbourhood, reached her. Kaur was taken to Safdarjung Hospital, where she died on Saturday morning.

Deputy commissioner of police Vijay Kumar said evidence collected from the spot confirmed the woman’s statement.

“We arrested the victim’s husband, father-in-law and brother-in-law. Her mother-in-law is on the run. These people were at the spot when murder was committed,” the officer said.

Police pressed murder charges against the arrested people and might add dowry into the case after recording statements of the woman’s relatives.

Kaur married 27-year-old Gurcharan Singh in 2012. His family lives close by and runs a motor parts trade in Mayapuri. Her parents too are in the same business.

The woman’s family alleged that trouble began soon after the wedding as Singh and his family began demanding money.

“Initially, we obliged and kept giving cash whenever they asked. But we were unable to fulfil their recent demand of Rs 10 lakh,” brother Jasmeet Singh said.

“They were infuriated with our refusal and evicted my sister and her four-year-old son from the house,” he alleged.

In her statement to the magistrate, Kaur said her husband and in-laws were ready with kerosene and a match box when she entered their house.

Her husband and his family told investigators that they never demanded dowry, but the fatal attack happened as he suspected her fidelity and the couple often quarreled over it, police sources said.

India has strict anti-dowry laws as harassment, assault and murder of women are rampant in a greedy patriarchal society steeped in the age-old tradition of a bride bringing property or money to her husband on their marriage. The dowry demand often continues for years.

Dowry death: parents found guilty of giving false evidence

A Delhi court has upheld the conviction of the parents of a woman for giving false evidence in connection with killing of their daughter for dowry in 2004.

The victim had lodged a complaint with the Preet Vihar police in east Delhi alleging that her husband, brother-in-law and father-in-law attempted to kill her by pouring kerosene and setting her on fire for not fulfilling their dowry demands.

Later, she succumbed to the burn injuries and, thereafter, Sections 302 (murder) and 304B (dowry death) were invoked against the accused persons.

The victim’s father and mother in their statements recorded by the SDM of the area alleged that the accused persons used to harass their daughter for dowry.

In their evidence in the trial, they stood by their allegations.

Change in story

But during their cross examination, they completely resiled from their previous statements and stated that no dowry demand was made by the accused persons.

Immediately after their resile from the previous statements, the court seized of the matter and took them into custody and lodged a complaint with the Additional Chief Metropolitan Magistrate of the Karkardooma courts for initiating appropriate proceedings.

Later, the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate (CMM), who heard the arguments, held them guilty of intentionally and deliberately giving false statements in order to save the accused in the case and sentenced each to two years of simple imprisonment.

The parents of the victim had come in appeal against the CCM judgement.

Rejecting their appeal, Additional Sessions Judge Ajay Gupta said: “Keeping in view the aforesaid facts and circumstances, this court does not find any infirmity in the judgement passed by the CMM and holds that appellants have been rightly convicted for the offence punishable under Section 193 (giving or fabricating false evidence in a judicial proceeding) of the IPC.”

Woman killed for dowry in Rajasthan

Press Trust of India  |  Kota Last Updated at December 17, 2017

A 21-year-old woman was allegedly killed by her husband for in district’s Bhopatpura village, the police said.

The husband, Bharatraj Kushwaha, along with his family members were going to cremate the body. However, the woman’s parents reached their house this afternoon and informed the police, of Police (DSP), Keshoraipatan Circle, Shiv said.

The body was taken into custody. Finger marks on her neck indicated that the woman, Gayatri Kushwaha, was chocked and suffocated to death, he said.

Based on a complaint by the parents, a case was registered at the station. They alleged that their daughter was killed by her husband and that she was harassed and tortured for for two years , the DSP said.

The accused has been booked under relevant sections of the (IPC). The body has been handed over to the parents after post-mortem, said Bairwa, who is also theof the case.

Bharatraj is at large and a search is on to arrest him, he said.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

Dowry death: HC upholds 10 years jail to husband

New Delhi Last Updated at April 4, 2017

The High has upheld 10 years jail term to a man whose wife committed self-immolation, saying she ended her life due to cruelty and harassment meted out by him for dowry.

The high said it does not find any illegality or irregularity in the trial court’s February 2000 verdict and dismissed the appeal of resident Durga Dass while asking him to surrender.

Justice P S Teji said it was clear from the testimonies of the woman’s parents that their daughter was treated with cruelty by the accused for the purpose of dowry so as to intimidate and pressurize her to meet their illegal demands.

“It is, therefore, apparent that Sangita (victim) was harassed with a view to coerce her to meet unlawful demands of dowry from her husband and father-in-

“It is also clearly established that for the reasons of such cruelty and harassment which was made soon before her death, Sangita had set herself ablaze by pouring kerosene and that the same was the real cause of her death,” the bench said, adding that the case squarely falls within the ambit of dowry death.

The couple got married in April 1995 and the wife died in August 1995 after setting herself ablaze.

The noted that the woman’s parents have deposed that Dass visited their house and demanded Rs 20,000 cash and scooter and his father also raised the same demand.

The in-laws used to ill-treat the woman to pressurize her to meet their demands, it noted

HC upholds acquittal of Lehar Singh, wife, son

The Karnataka High Court has upheld the 2010 verdict of a fast-track court, which had acquitted Lehar Singh, Member of the Legislative Council nominated from the BJP, his wife, and two sons on the charges of murdering Radha, Mr. Singh’s daughter-in-law after allegedly subjecting her to cruelty.

A Division Bench comprising Justice S. Abdul Nazeer and Justice A.V. Chandrashekara passed the order while dismissing an appeal filed by the State questioning the May 21, 2010 verdict of the Fast Track Court-V, Bengaluru.

Sanjayanagar police in 2000 had filed charge sheets against Mr. Singh, wife Shanthi Bai, elder son Deepak Kumar, and younger son Sanjay Kumar.

Radha, who had married Deepak in 1994, was found hanging in their home on August 8, 2000. Though the police initially had registered a case of unnatural death based on the complaint filed by Mr. Singh, later the charges of harassment for dowry, cruelty, abetment to suicide, and murder were included based on the statement given by Radha’s father.

“…no illegality or perversity is found in the approach adopted by the trial court. In fact, the trial court has assessed the entire evidence placed on record in right perspective. No good grounds are made out to interfere with the well-considered order,” the Bench observed.

Both the courts have found that evidences from witnesses and documents were not able to establish any of the charges levelled against the accused. The courts have also found that there was no clear evidence as to why Radha had taken such an extreme step.

Woman killed for dowry in Rajasthan

December 17, 2017

Kota, Dec 17 (PTI) A 21-year-old woman was allegedly killed by her husband for dowry in Bundi districts Bhopatpura village, the police said.

The husband, Bharatraj Kushwaha, along with his family members were going to cremate the body. However, the womans parents reached their house this afternoon and informed the police, Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP), Keshoraipatan Circle, Shiv Lal Bairwa said.

The body was taken into custody. Finger marks on her neck indicated that the woman, Gayatri Kushwaha, was chocked and suffocated to death, he said.

Based on a complaint by the parents, a case was registered at the Talera police station. They alleged that their daughter was killed by her husband and that she was harassed and tortured for dowry for two years , the DSP said.

The accused has been booked under relevant sections of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). The body has been handed over to the parents after post-mortem, said Bairwa, who is also the investigating officer of the case.

Bharatraj is at large and a search is on to arrest him, he said. PTI CORR ANB

This is unedited, unformatted feed from the Press Trust of India wire.

Murder, Homicide and Dowry Death

Read the lawIt is a crime to cause someone’s death. Your intention and your knowledge of the circumstances are all relevant questions which are relevant to deciding the crime you committed. ‘Murder’, ‘culpable homicide’, ‘death by negligence’ and ‘dowry death’ are related but different crimes. These crimes are all punished under the general law on crimes – the Indian Penal Code, 1860.

How is ‘murder’ different from ‘culpable homicide’?

The difference between culpable homicide and murder is confusing even for lawyers! The simplest explanation is that every murder is a culpable homicide, but not the other way around.

There are four kinds of situations when the causing of death can be termed ‘murder’. Please note that there are also certain exceptions. So, to decide whether culpable homicide is murder, first see if it fits any of the four categories (see below), and second see if any of the exceptions apply to the particular situation. Remember to read the illustrations in the law carefully as well.

When can culpable homicide be murder?

In the following situations, culpable homicide will be murder:

  • When the offender intentionally causes someone’s death.

Example: Hari takes a gun and shoots at Govind in order to kill him.

  • When the offender doesn’t have to specifically want to kill. But she purposely causes an injury which she knows can lead to death.

Example: Chetna takes a knife and stabs Dhamu in the chest. Chetna didn’t want to kill him, but knew that this injury can cause death.

  • When the offender intentionally injures someone which is enough in the ordinary course of nature to cause that person’s death.

This is similar to the previous category. The Court looks at whether the offender wanted to cause that injury. After this, the Court decides whether that injury was normally enough to cause death. This is done by examining medical experts. The important difference is here it doesn’t matter if the offender knows the injury is likely to cause death.

Example: Bhavesh takes a knife and stabs Dhamu twice in the abdomen, wanting to cause that injury. The doctor at trial says this was normally enough to cause death. It is murder subject to the exceptions.

  • If the offender knows the act is so dangerous as to cause death.

It doesn’t matter whether you wanted to cause any death. If you do something which obviously can cause death, it will be murder if a death occurs.

Example: Ganesh leaves a bomb in a marketplace, knowing the bomb will explode when the market is crowded. Five people died of the explosion. This is murder subject to the exceptions.

What are the exceptions to murder?

The burden is on the accused to prove to the Court that the case fell within any of the five exceptions and cannot be called ‘murder’. These are the exceptions:

  • It is not murder if the death is caused by a person who acted under grave and sudden provocation which deprived the person of self-control.

So, there are three requirements:

One, there must be provocation (that is, someone must have made you very angry).

Two, this must be sudden (quick and unexpected) – it should happen soon before the death took place.

Three, it should be grave, taking away your self-control and becoming the reason why you caused the death. During the trial, the Court will examine and decide if these requirements have been satisfied.

  • It is not murder if the death was caused by a person defending herself or her property.

This is subject to two conditions:

One, the person exercising this right cannot have created the initial harm.

Two, the act of defence cannot be too excessive. For example, if someone slaps you and you shoot her, you cannot say it was self-defence.

  • It is not murder if death is caused by a public servant, who:
    • was doing something she believed was lawful and necessary to fulfil her duty, and
    • did not have a grudge against the person who died.
  • It is not murder if the death is caused in a sudden fight or quarrel. There cannot be any element of planning involved. The act causing death must have been done in the heat of the moment and the person did not have an unfair advantage. For example, the person should not have used a deadly weapon which the victim did not also have access to.
  • It is not murder if the person who died actually agreed to being killed. The person should have been above 18 years.

When is culpable homicide not murder?

Culpable homicide isn’t murder when none of the requirements of Section 300 are met (see above). Even if the case falls in one of the four categories in Section 300, culpable homicide is not murder if one of the exceptions are met.

What happens if I am found guilty for murder or culpable homicide?

If you have been guilty for committing murder, the Court can decide to award the death sentence or jail for life.

If you have been found guilty for culpable homicide, the Court can award different punishments depending on whether you intended to cause death:

  • If you did X intending to cause death, or intending to cause an injury likely to cause death – you can be sent to jail for life, or up to 10 years with additional fine.
  • If you did X knowing that it is likely to cause death but didn’t intend to cause death – you can be sent to jail up to 10 years with additional fine.

What if I manage to prove an exception to murder, does that mean I’m innocent?

Proving these exceptions does not make one innocent. It just means the act is not murder, but only culpable homicide. Practically, the range of punishment which a Court can award for culpable homicide is less harsh than murder.

What if I actually planned on killing X and ended up killing Y?

‘Transferred malice’ is the technical term for such situations. It basically means that it doesn’t matter if you didn’t kill the person you wanted to actually kill. As long as you wanted to kill someone, you can be held guilty of murder even if you ended up killing some other person.

Example: Hari took a pistol to kill Govind. He shot just as Govind ducked and killed Dhamu instead. It is murder, subject to the exceptions in Section 300 (provocation, self-defence etc.)

Is trying to commit a murder also a crime?

The law also punishes you if you attempted or tried to commit a crime, but did not succeed.

Traditionally, committing an offence is broken up into four parts:

  • Thinking about the offence
  • Preparing to commit it
  • Attempting to commit it
  • Succeeding / failing

Thinking about a crime and preparing to commit it is usually not a crime. But if you take aim and fire a gun, only to miss your victim, then the law punishes this attempt of yours to kill the victim.

The Court will decide whether what you did was an ‘attempt’ or was just a preparation. For attempting murder, you can be punished with jail time of up to 10 years along with a fine. If your attempt results in the victim actually getting hurt, you can be punished with jail for life. If a life convict attempts murder and the victim actually gets hurt, she may be punished with the death penalty.

For attempting to commit culpable homicide, you can be punished with jail time of up to 3 years along with a fine for attempting culpable homicide. If your attempt results in the victim getting hurt, you can be punished with jail time of up to 7 years along with fine.

What if I caused death because I was negligent?

There law treats death caused by negligence differently in terms of the punishment. It is not culpable homicide. For death caused by doing rash or negligent acts, you will be punished with jail time of up to two years and/or fine

What is the difference between rash and negligent acts?

Courts have explained the difference between rash and negligent to depend upon existence of a duty to take care of the person who died. You aren’t negligent unless you owed a duty of care that you failed to satisfy:

  • Rashness – when you know that doing X carries a risk of bad results, but still go ahead and do it, you committed a rash

Example: Kirti knows she should not drive fast in narrow lanes, but continued to drive above the speed limit. Kirti is doing a rashact. If she causes death by hitting someone while driving, it will be an offence under this section.

  • Negligence – when you have a _duty _to take care of certain things, but fail to satisfy this duty of care, you committed a
    negligent act.

Example: Lipi, a surgeon, operated upon a patient without disinfecting the instruments causing an infection which resulted in the patient’s death. Lipi owes a duty of care as a doctor and failed to satisfy this duty. Lipi caused death by a negligent act.

Is there any special punishment for death as a result of dowry demands?

Yes, the law makes it easier to prove dowry death as against other offences. This is because it shifts the burden of proof on an accused (normally the burden of proof is on the prosecution or the complainant). As long as the prosecutor proves certain things, the court deems that the person accused committed the offence.

The burden of proof only shifts once the prosecution can show certain things. These are:

  1. The death of the woman was caused by burns or injuries which are not like ordinary course burns and injuries;
  2. The victim was a married woman and she died within 7 years of her marriage;
  3. The victim suffered ‘cruelty or harassment’ because of demands for dowry. So there must be some connection between the death and demands for dowry.

Once all this is shown by the prosecutor, the court deems that the accused committed the offence. Now, the accused must prove she or he did not commit the offence. The burden of proof shifts.

You can be punished with jail time of up 7 years or more (including jail for life).

Is attempting to commit suicide a crime?

Even though this provision makes it a crime to commit suicide (with jail time of up to one year and/or fine), a new law has undone this. According to the Mental Healthcare Act, 2017, the court will assume that a person who tried to commit suicide did so under severe stress. She will then not be punished under the law.

Can I be punished for helping someone commit suicide?

Yes, helping someone commit suicide is a crime. You can be punished with jail time of up to 10 years along with a fine. If the person you help is a person under 18, or a person with mental disabilities or an intoxicated person, the punishment could even be the death penalty or jail for life


Author: Ravikanth K.A.

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